What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (2023)

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What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (1)

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  • Date September 20, 2022
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Individuals with special learning needs are guaranteed special supports in elementary and high school by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. However, in college, the protections are somewhat different.

Two federal laws guarantee equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in relation to services and employment. College students with disabilities are protected from discrimination in higher education by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments passed in 2008, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (specifically section 504).

All public institutions are covered by these federal laws and almost all private, religious, trade and technical schools are covered because almost all non-public institutions receive federal financial assistance, either directly or indirectly.

Despite these protections, your right to accommodations is not automatic – colleges that do not accept federal funding are not required to grant accommodations, although they may. This is rarely a problem, however, since almost all colleges receive either direct or indirect federal financial assistance. Colleges that accept individuals receiving federal financial aid are receiving indirect financial assistance from the government, and are therefore required to provide a non-discriminatory environment according to the laws.

Originally published on September 13th, 2017, this article was updated and republished on September 20th, 2022.

Working with Campus Support Services

What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (2)Who should you talk to about accommodations you need? Each college determines the process for qualifying for accommodations and the type of accommodations offered. Therefore, students need to work with their college to obtain the reasonable accommodations that they need.

Contact the office of disability services or the ADA or Section 504 coordinator at your college. If possible, contact the office during your senior year in high school or as soon as you are accepted to the college in order to start the process of qualifying for accommodations.

Each college has its own guidelines for documenting the need for accommodations so you should contact the disabilities services office before gathering documentation. However, the following are general guidelines for the type of documentation required.

The testing you provide must be conducted by a professional who is licensed and qualified to diagnose the particular disability. Appropriate professionals for diagnosing ADHD/ADD include a clinical psychologist, neurologist, psychiatrist or medical doctor.

The testing procedures must be appropriate for diagnosing the particular disability and be thoroughly documented in terms of types of testing procedures, observations, results and dates of administration.

What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (3)Generally, the documentation must be “current” which is often interpreted by colleges to mean the testing must be no older than 3 years. If your testing that is more than 3 years old, you should expect to supplement it with a letter from a professional who is knowledgeable about your current limitations. Colleges may require you to be retested if your testing was conducted more than 3 years ago.

You must document the existence of a “functional impairment” stemming from a disability that requires accommodations to level the playing field in the areas affected by the disability. It is not enough to have a diagnosis or a “label” without demonstrating how the disability impairs your ability to participate in an educational program in substantially the same manner as individuals without the disability.

Colleges will make determinations regarding the need for accommodations on a case-by-case basis. They are not allowed to take into consideration any “mitigating measures” that you use to reduce the impact of your disability. For example, they are not allowed to deny accommodations simply due to factors such as taking ADHD medication, working with a coach, receiving tutoring, or the helpfulness of any systems or aids you use to improve your performance.

You’ll want to include documentation of any accommodations you received in high school or at other colleges. An IEP or 504 plan from high school is almost never sufficient in and of itself to document the need for accommodations in college, but it is helpful to share it with the college. You’ll also want to consider documenting any informal accommodations relevant to your request (for example, your high school English teacher giving you more time to take tests).

If You Have a Learning Disability

What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (4)There are many types of learning disabilities and you may require accommodations to level the playing field that differ from the accommodations needed stemming from ADHD.

(Video) How to Grab the Best Job for an ADHD Brain!

Remember that accommodation requests can be based upon your challenges as they stem from either the learning disability or ADHD or both. The requirements above regarding documenting your need for accommodations stemming from ADHD also apply for LD accommodations. For example, you’ll need to document the functional limitation due to your learning disability and your testing must be current.

Plan For Success

Successful students understand themselves well. They know their strengths and they have developed ways to minimize the effects of their weaknesses. They also have a clear idea of their short-range and long-term goals, and are committed to meeting these goals.

These self-advocacy steps will help you obtain the support you need, not only from others but from yourself as well!

Before You Go Off to College

  • Have a clear plan to graduate in a certain time frame and set your schedule to realistically accomplish this plan.
  • Think about the kind of academic support you’ll need (for example, will you need tutoring) and make plans to set this up.
  • Think through what kind of support you’d like to have from your parents and friends and express your needs before you go to college.
  • Logically plan the kind of support you need to give to yourself!
  • Plan ahead on how to manage stress, loneliness, and change.

Keeping Your Balance

  • What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (5)Don’t suffer in silence – speak out and reach out when you need support.
  • Get professional, trained help when you need it: tutor, coach, doctor, etc.
  • As soon as you identify a problem surfacing in a class, figure out how to remove it from your path.
  • Pause, think and reflect before diving in – avoid the “Opps! and regret.”
  • Everything is easier when you get enough sleep, exercise and more healthy foods.
  • Seek balance in all things – academics, relationships, personal interests, career development, spiritual growth.
  • Seek out stabilizing forces – people, classes, work experiences, living arrangements, etc.
  • Keep your long-term, personal goals front and center in your mind, guiding you through the tough times!
  • Reward yourself for meeting your deadlines and achieving your goals!

Mindset and Growth

  • Resistance and avoidance delay maturity; meet challenges head on and don’t be afraid to make mistakes.
  • Evaluate and think through setbacks – they are the teachers of success!
  • Success is a consistent mindset that says “I can do this, I will do this!”
  • Become knowledgeable about your right to accommodations based on your particular challenges.
  • Become a calm, persistent and mature advocate for your own needs – and your own strengths!

Stay Connected to Professors

What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (6)Be sure to interact frequently with your professors and meet with them during their office hours. This will help you find the class more enjoyable as well as improve your grade. Ask your professors to review your work and offer you suggestions on how to strengthen your performance. Showing your professors you’re invested in the class goes a long way towards earning their respect, which will make you even more interested in the class!

Instructors and professors have the power to make decisions that can help students be more successful. The following are some modifications a student may be able to negotiate on a case-by-case basis with individual instructors:

  • Obtaining the instructor’s permission to modify an assignment or getting extra time to complete the assignment.
  • Asking for advice about selecting classes or instructors.
  • Asking the instructor to award an incomplete rather than an “F” – but be aware of the college policy in regard to “clearing” the “I.”

Typical “reasonable accommodations” that colleges may decide to grant include:

  • Extra time to take tests.
  • Providing a note taker.
  • Taking tests in a separate room.
  • Test read orally to the student and/or the student’s answers transcribed or typed.
  • Placement in a section taught by a teacher who uses multisensory methods.
  • Allowing a student to substitute an equivalent online course.
  • Use of tape recorder to record lectures.
  • Tutoring services (some colleges have tutoring geared for students with special needs, however, most colleges have tutoring available to all students – check both sources).
  • Taking a reduced class load.
  • Requesting “full-time” status for purposes of qualifying for health insurance or financial aid.

If you’d like to join a supportive and inclusive community of people who understand what you’re going through, check out ADDA+.

Find out more about accommodations in this article.


Dr. Kari Miller, PhD, BCET is a board certified educational therapist and ADHD coach who has been educating and coaching adults and young people who have ADHD, autism, learning disabilities, emotional challenges, and other complex needs for more than twenty-five years. She holds a PhD in educational psychology and mathematical statistics, an MEd in Learning Disabilities, Gifted Education and Educational Diagnosis, and a BS in Early Childhood Education and Behavior Disorders. Dr. Miller provides support across the lifespan – to school-aged students with learning and attention challenges, to young adults in transition to college or the workplace, and to women with ADHD who have passionate dreams, but are frustrated by procrastination, lack of focus and difficulty following through.

ADDA Editorial Team

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  1. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (11)


    October 25, 2017


    Dr. Miller is a great advocate for students with disabilities and an expert on ADHD. Her guidance has been of great help to me while creating a compelling argument to support implementation of already approved accommodations as a graduate student.

  2. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (12)

    Moira Blythe

    (Video) Navigating College with ADHD | Preparing for Success! - Includes Introduction to ADHD

    March 15, 2018


    My brother has a learning disability, but he really wants to finish college. I appreciate your advice to make sure that he goes and talks with the professors about his problem because I’m sure they’d love to help him reach his goals as well. Maybe they can extend due dates, or point him to some resources that can help him!

  3. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (13)

    Lailani Ivester

    August 18, 2018


    Hi my daughter is in college and 3 years ago she has been diagnosed with ADHD by 3 physicians with the recommendations of counsellors from the attending College. It has been a struggle within the school system in itself and the debilitating ability that is now causing her education to be at risk. We have pursued and applied and chased the staff to this institution to just sit and consider her disability. We found few who was willing to review her case and some just quickly dismiss her to narrow done the students of Nursing Program. Now that she has missed the deadline because she was denied for accommodation she no longer eligible to stay in nursing program, after 3 1/2 years of struggle and battle, her mental state is spiraling down. Her depression is to the max. As a mother, my fear Is to no ending. I am asking anyone out there who can help us to be an advocate and a representative to an ADHD college student to please help us stand to GSU college who does not believe that she is just as important as well as any other student. Thank you

  4. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (14)

    Deborah Bess

    February 22, 2019


    My daughter is struggling with the same issue and having the same problem at the college she is attending online in Utah for a teaching degree and we are also looking for an advocate for her she has had herself retested has letters from both her psychiatrist and her family physician the school is aware of her add but is unwilling to allow her to use the tools that she used through grade school in high school which is stated in her IEP which she also sent the school a copy of that so if you find an advocate that can help with your daughter please let me know thank you

    • What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (15)

      Kyra Langley

      May 6, 2020

      (Video) ADHD and Motivation


      Hello! My son is in his freshman year of college for which he received a golf and Bible scholarship. As we know with any scholarship are also requirements of taking a certain number of hours and maintaining a certain GPA. We were concerned about this from the beginning as he was required to take a full load and we felt he needed to start slow with only a few classes to get accustom to college level work, change of living on campus etc., however it’s the only financial support available as we did not qualify for PELL grant assistance. Well our fears came true after his first semester of receiving a .09 GPA we definitely knew something was wrong. So we had him tested for ADD Jan and Feb 2020. Results were given in Mar 2020 that he has Mild to moderate ADD with Global Academic Underachievement. We never had him tested in elementary or high school because his grades were always good throughout until 8th grade and then grades weren’t bad but had started slipping some and we attributed it to adolescent changes, work became harder in school, transition from elementary to junior high where we couldn’t monitor work being done because their was never anymore “homework”. His teachers also never threw up a red flag for us that he had any issues….always just said “Isaacs a social butterfly and likes to pay attention to others and talk”. Anyway…of course as parents we knew something wasn’t quite right but no one else thought so therefore we just moved on.
      So….what now? The college claims it ALL has to be student initiated to receive help. Is that true? We submitted his Psych evaluation and emailed the appropriate people at his college. After much delay and a repeat email, that’s what we were told. Isaac has to email all his instructors. So he did and asked for any help they could possibly give him. At this point we were already at midterm and this COVID mess hit so everything went online only, so you know now there’s no help! First…how does any instructor allow any student to even get to failing at midterm, disability or not if you see a student struggling before midterms….HELP THEM!!! RIGHT? Get them tutoring, call them in to find out what’s going on. Some students are embarrassed and extremely nervous to go to their instructors especially freshman that are in survival mode. Lots lots more to this story but I’ve rambled on for awhile now. Any advisement from anyone out there please email me. I’m trying to advocate for my son and feel defeated at every turn. Thank you in advance for help!!

      • What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (16)

        July 3, 2020


        I am able to understand your plight. My daughter has always had to deal with distractions and staying on task. As a very bright, honors students we had to go at it ourselves. She was unable to take any medications as they had a detrimental effect on her many years ago. She went off to college in 2018 and for 3 semesters was a star student, earning accolades, summer internship and more scholarships from her university. Then came March 2020. She told us she was doing well, keeping up her grades and staying on task. We let her be despite not liking the hours she kept, how she ate and lack of exercise. The one thing she found joy in was on line Dungeons and Dragons sessions with friends. We have been asking about final grades and finally found them ourselves last week. She got 2 Fs 2 Cs and 1 A-, Wholly cow, we were stunned, she is devastated and says she was ‘terrified’ to tell us she was struggling. I even suggested on multiple occasions that she follow-up with the school Psychologist to see where she was on the list for the Psychiatrist. She never even did that. Now she has petitioned the school to remain in “Honors” has a meeting with her advisor and hopefully can get the C grades changed to Pass. She has a phone appt with a school counselor this week and we are praying the university will have mercy on her. It was very early on that students were offered the pass/fail option but were only given a week to decide. She never discussed it with us and out of site, out of mind for her and here we are. It I very apparent she needs help and cannot function with online studies without intervention. UNH is going back this fall and she has a bit of an uphill climb to prove that she is capable again. The labs can be retaken, and she knows we love her and will help her. She has to do this herself but we will guide her through the fog as best we can. Parenting never ends and we are researching more about new therapies for ADD/ADHD, both me and her father have it and have dealt with it all our adult lives. It’s not enjoyable but we do continue on. The Covid-19 issue must be having a huge effect on thousands of students, I’d like to hear from other parents on what/how they are helping their students.

  5. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (17)

    Allison Mitchell

    July 19, 2020


    I am attending the University of Utah and I am an older student returning to school. Even though I flunked the 1st grade and was in resource, I was not diagnosed with ADHD until a few years ago. This time, since I know of my disorder I registered with the Center for Disability and Access. They sent me for more in-depth testing and I jsut found out I also have dyslexia with a 3rd grade reading recall. I have let my instructors know and the majority have been willing to work with me. However, the accommodations I am receiving through the CDA have been ineffective. Sometimes, I simply do not see some of the assignments on my class dashboard. I told my advisor at the CDA the accommodations were not working for me. It is not extra time on assignments I need, (which I can only have if I set it up ahead of time), but it is being able to see and know about all the assignments.
    He said, “I don’t know what to say about that”. So I took my accommodation memo with the ineffective accommodations listed to my instructors. In one class I still missed several assignments. The instructor will not let me make them up and is failing me for the course, which means I will now lose the scholarships I managed to get for the first time in my life and I am going to be on academic probation for the rest of my program until I can retake this class at the end of my program.
    I was hoping the Americans with Disabilities Act would protect me more, but so far it is not. I have no idea why they even say it includes learning disabilities because i am finding out that it does not. The CDA office won’t help me because they say the teacher did offer me the extended time on a few assignments I did see and that is according to the accommodations memo they gave me and that is all she is required to do in order to say she worked with me. I even told my advisor they weren’t working but I guess I wasn’t forceful enough. I have been given no other ideas by them as to what might help my situation so I have be googling and calling other CDA offices at universities across the country to get ideas of what sort of accommodations they have offered to students with ADHD and dyslexia. I feel very much let down by my school, the CDA office, instructors and the ADA that offers no protection even though the claim is it does. I am so frustrated and don’t know if I will be able to stay in school because of this.
    I am appealing with the associate dean at this point. But if that doesn’t work, I plan to file a complaint with the office of equal opportunity, the Department of Education and possibly the US Department of Justice on my way out the door.
    They say the one ineffective accommodation gave me equal access but I disagree. I don’t feel I had equal access as my peers who are able to navigate the class dashboard better and read and interprate instructions better. I might have still failed if I had been able to do the two assignments I missed and not hand one in incomplete but at least I would have failed based on not knowing the class material or being able to do the work. All of my peers at least got that chance. I didn’t even get out the gate by not being able to see or register in my brain the assignment links. How is that equal access??

  6. What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association (18)

    Allison Mitchell

    July 19, 2020


    I don’t get this site. I have tried to post a reply several times but I never see it come up. So when I retry to post it, I get a message saying, “You already said that”. But then I don’t see it anywhere. Does it not show you your own comments.

    (Video) The Impact of ADHD on College Students Through Adulthood

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What College Students with ADHD Need to Know About Advocacy and Accommodations - ADDA - Attention Deficit Disorder Association? ›

Helpful Accommodations for ADHD Students

Examples include: Written instructions (rather just verbal) Help with reading assignments. Ability to record the lectures (and be loaned recording equipment if needed)

What accommodations can you provide for ADHD attention deficit? ›

  • Extra time on tests;
  • Instruction and assignments tailored to the child;
  • Positive reinforcement and feedback;
  • Using technology to assist with tasks;
  • Allowing breaks or time to move around;
  • Changes to the environment to limit distraction; and.
  • Extra help with staying organized.

What accommodations should I ask for ADHD college? ›

What Kind of ADHD Accommodations Can You Ask For at College?
  • Extended time on tests and assignments, testing over several sessions.
  • Testing in a separate and quiet place.
  • Permission to record lectures.
  • Audio textbooks.
  • Assistance taking class notes or reading (note-taking service, reading group)

How do colleges accommodate students with ADHD? ›

Helpful Accommodations for ADHD Students

Examples include: Written instructions (rather just verbal) Help with reading assignments. Ability to record the lectures (and be loaned recording equipment if needed)

Who is the advocacy for people with ADHD? ›

Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA)

ADDA focuses on assisting and advocating for adults with ADHD.

What supports or accommodations could you provide to the students in your classes who have ADHD or learning disabilities? ›

Use flexible seating, like wiggle chairs, standing desks, footrests, seat cushions, or resistance bands on chair legs. Increase the space between desks or work tables (if social distancing guidelines aren't already in place). Designate a quiet work space in the classroom.

What are the most widely used interventions for ADHD? ›

Stimulants are the best-known and most widely used ADHD medications. Between 70-80% of children with ADHD have fewer ADHD symptoms when taking these fast-acting medications.

What are the challenges for college students with ADHD? ›

College students with ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) can exhibit less confidence in their academic ability, often receive lower grades than peers and tend to be more concerned about social relationships according to an article published in PubMed Central.

What helps with ADHD in college? ›

Cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training, and academic support can also be helpful. There are many ways to successfully manage ADHD before and during college. Consider the best college environment to meet your needs, such as class size, workload, academic calendar, and availability of support services.

Do colleges consider ADHD a disability? ›

How do you know if you need or qualify for accommodations? First, you need to have a documented disability. That could be ADHD, a learning disability, or any other medical, emotional, or physical condition that substantially limits one or more major life activities, including learning or concentration.

Why do students with ADHD need accommodations? ›

Accommodations are intended to help students with ADHD learn the same information as other students. They are changes to the structures and/or the environment that provide support to help students access the curriculum.

How do teachers support students with ADHD? ›

Create worksheets and tests with fewer items, give frequent short quizzes rather than long tests, and reduce the number of timed tests. Test students with ADHD in the way they do best, such as orally or filling in blanks. Divide long-term projects into segments and assign a completion goal for each segment.

How do you engage an ADHD student? ›

Strategies to Help Students With ADHD in the Classroom
  1. Set clear rules. ...
  2. Establish a classroom routine. ...
  3. Use visual aids. ...
  4. Minimise distractions. ...
  5. Simplify tasks and instructions. ...
  6. Allow for breaks and movement. ...
  7. Keep feedback positive. ...
  8. Starting the lesson.

Why is it important to advocate for people with ADHD? ›

Advocacy helps patients feel recognized and comfortable with their diagnosis and helps connect families to the care and resources that they need.

What is the intervention for people with ADHD? ›

Treatment. Standard treatments for ADHD in adults typically involve medication, education, skills training and psychological counseling. A combination of these is often the most effective treatment. These treatments can help manage many symptoms of ADHD , but they don't cure it.

What are some resources that can help with ADHD? ›

The National Resource Center on ADHD (NRC) provides science-based information on ADHD. The NRC serves as a National Public Health Practice and Resource Center for information, education and consultation about diagnosis, treatment, and health and well-being for children with ADHD and their families.

What are examples of accommodations? ›

Examples of accommodations include:
  • sign language interpreters for students who are deaf;
  • computer text-to-speech computer-based systems for students with visual impairments or Dyslexia;
  • extended time for students with fine motor limitations, visual impairments, or learning disabilities;
May 24, 2022

What are the most common accommodations? ›

Here, I talk about what these accommodations are, how they look in the classroom, and how they can benefit your child or student.
  • Testing Accommodations. ...
  • Taking Breaks. ...
  • Preferential Seating. ...
  • Extra Time for Assignments. ...
  • Study Skills Instruction. ...
  • Sensory Tools. ...
  • Outlines, Notetakers, and Recordings. ...
  • Environmental Accommodations.

What is the best therapeutic intervention for ADHD? ›

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is generally considered the gold standard for ADHD psychotherapy. While “regular” CBT can be helpful for ADHD, there are also specific types of CBT for ADHD.

What is the first line intervention for ADHD? ›

Stimulant medicines are the first-line ADHD treatment for school-aged children. However, there are criteria that must be met before medicine is considered. In addition, caregivers (and the child, when appropriate) should understand the need for close monitoring during treatment.

What is the best psychological intervention for ADHD? ›

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is essentially brain training for ADHD. It is a short-term, goal-oriented form of psychotherapy that aims to change negative patterns of thinking and reframe the way a patient feels about herself and her symptoms of ADHD.

What are social challenges for students with ADHD? ›

Here are five common social challenges people with ADHD may face — and ways you can help.
  • Trouble picking up on social cues. The ADHD link: People with ADHD might not notice how their behavior affects other people. ...
  • Trouble keeping friends. ...
  • Going off-topic. ...
  • Being unreliable. ...
  • Overreacting.

What are the characteristics of college students with ADHD? ›

They often try to control their symptoms and appear as if they have no disability. To avoid being embarrassed, they try to keep up with everyone else. This can cause poor academic performance, low self-esteem, difficulty in relationships with peers, depression and/or anxiety, substance abuse, and procrastination.

What are the biggest struggles for ADHD? ›

Adults with ADHD may find it difficult to focus and prioritize, leading to missed deadlines and forgotten meetings or social plans. The inability to control impulses can range from impatience waiting in line or driving in traffic to mood swings and outbursts of anger.

Why do people with ADHD struggle in college? ›

Other studies have reported that university students with ADHD symptoms have low academic performance as a result of difficulties with concentrating on their studies and completing assignments, worries about studying and having high test anxiety, and not applying appropriate learning strategies, which all lead to ...

Do colleges care about ADHD? ›

Translated, this means that students with disabilities must meet the same criteria established by admissions committees for all prospective students. However, most colleges do take note of extenuating personal circumstances, such as ADHD.

Is ADHD a 504 or IEP? ›

Students with ADHD are typically eligible for a 504 plan if their ADHD substantially limits their ability to fully participate in all academic and non-academic activities at school.

What is an example of discrimination in schools for ADHD? ›

When a teacher knows that your child has a modification but chooses not to apply or enforce it, that's discrimination. Another example: your child has a documented executive functioning disorder and the teacher gives your child a “mark” for not having his agenda signed.

Why are accommodations important in college? ›

Whether for instruction or testing, accommodations provide students with opportunities to achieve the same outcomes and to obtain the same benefits as students without disabilities. By addressing barriers, accommodations create better access to learning opportunities for students with disabilities.

What are some accommodations for students? ›

Examples of accommodations include: extra time for tests/assignments, scribing of answers, use of assistive technology, preferential seating, chunking of information, frequent breaks and human resources.

Does ADHD qualify for accommodations? ›

The ADA includes ADHD as a recognized disability. For an employee who has ADHD, the act can require the employer to provide reasonable accommodations, as long as it doesn't create undue hardship for the business.

What teachers need to know about students with ADHD? ›

5 Things Teachers Should Know About ADHD in the Classroom
  • Let them move. Research is in! ...
  • Encourage PE and recess. Kids who get recess do better on standardized tests than those who don't. ...
  • Preferential seating. ...
  • Catch them being good and be specific on the negative behaviors. ...
  • Never mention medication in the classroom.

How do you teach social skills to students with ADHD? ›

Follow these tips to help your child improve his or her social skills:
  1. Provide immediate, frequent feedback about inappropriate behavior and social miscues. ...
  2. Focus on a few areas that your child is struggling with, such as listening or showing interest in another child. ...
  3. Schedule play dates with only one or two friends.
Feb 24, 2020

How do you deal with disruptive ADHD students? ›

Provide immediate, positive feedback and attention when kids with ADHD behave well. Catch them doing something good. Specifically state what they are doing well, such as waiting their turn.

How should a student with ADHD study? ›

Studying with ADHD? Try These 8 Tips and Tricks
  1. Block out plenty of time.
  2. Dig deep.
  3. Try reminders.
  4. Get organized.
  5. Consider new routines.
  6. Try background noise.
  7. Try not to put things off.
  8. Treat yourself.
Nov 1, 2022

Why is advocating for students with disabilities important? ›

Special education advocates help parents make sure a child's special needs are met. They help parents understand available services, interpret test results, and work with schools to plan individualized education programs (IEPs). For a student with special needs, learning concerns take many forms.

Why is it important to advocate for people with the disorder? ›

Advocacy is an important means of raising awareness on mental health issues and ensuring that mental health is on the national agenda of governments. Advocacy can lead to improvements in policy, legislation, and service development.

Why is it important to advocate for people with disabilities? ›

When you or a loved one becomes disabled as an adult, know that it's entirely possible to live an independent life through disability advocacy. Disability advocacy provides people with disabilities the knowledge to expand and defend their rights, support self-advocacy and provide legal assistance.

What are the goals of ADHD counseling? ›

The goal of metacognitive therapy in ADHD is to improve organization skills, planning, time management, and resolve thinking distortions that lead to negative moods and the perception of limited options.

What are 5 treatments for ADHD? ›

There are 5 types of medicine licensed for the treatment of ADHD:
  • methylphenidate.
  • lisdexamfetamine.
  • dexamfetamine.
  • atomoxetine.
  • guanfacine.

What interventions are there for youth with ADHD? ›

Behavioral intervention is another common treatment approach for teens with ADHD. Proven psychosocial treatments include parent-teen training in problem-solving and communication skills, parent training in behavioral management methods and teacher training in classroom management.

What are the 5 things that motivate people with ADHD? ›

The Five Motivators

an interest-based nervous system (motivated by what's compelling enough to get activated). He refers to the five motivating factors with the acronym INCUP: interest, novelty, challenge, urgency and passion.

What student resources are there for ADHD? ›

Informational Resources
  • ADDitude. ...
  • Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA) ...
  • Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) ...
  • Disability Rights, Education, Activism, and Mentoring (DREAM) ...
  • LD OnLine. ...
  • Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA)
Apr 12, 2023

What is an example of one accommodation you could provide a student with ADHD predominately inattentive type? ›

To help students with managing inattentive symptoms, the following accommodations can be effective: Seating the student in an area with fewer distractions where he or she can focus on the lesson. For example, near the teacher's desk, away from windows and the doorway, or in another area that has few distractions.

What is an example of an IEP for ADHD? ›

Some examples of IEP goals for a student with ADHD may include: The student will stay on task throughout the lesson. The student will use a checklist to complete all tasks throughout the lesson. The student will maintain appropriate personal space with peers throughout the P.E. lesson.

What can you do for attention deficit disorder? ›

In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of behavior therapy and medication. For preschool-aged children (4-5 years of age) with ADHD, behavior therapy, particularly training for parents, is recommended as the first line of treatment before medication is tried.

Why do people with ADHD need testing accommodations? ›

Because students with ADHD have learning problems that make some types of tests harder for them, modifying the style of testing and the way that tests are graded can help.

What is recommended as a behavioral intervention for a student with ADHD? ›

Peer Tutoring Peer tutoring has been shown to be effective in supporting academic and behavioral gains among students with ADHD. It is recommended that peer tutors be of the same gender as the student with ADHD and have higher academic and better behavioral skills.

What are the special needs of students with ADHD? ›

Students with ADHD frequently lack skills required in the real world, including problem solving, time management, fiscal responsibility, personal accountability, communication skills, and public speaking. Teachers can integrate these skills into lessons.

What is a behavior support plan for ADHD? ›

If your child acts out, interrupts, yells, or loses academic focus, it may be time for a behavior intervention plan (BIP). A BIP aims to teach new skills and replace interfering behaviors with appropriate alternative actions – and improves the overall academic experience.

Should students with ADHD have an IEP? ›

Children with disabilities -- including ADHD, autism, and physical disabilities -- can get an IEP if there's evidence the condition affects their ability to succeed in school. An IEP can include either accommodations or modifications.

Does ADHD fall under IEP or 504? ›

Federal Law Protects Students from Disability Discrimination

Regardless of how well he or she performs in school, a student who has trouble concentrating, reading, thinking, organizing or prioritizing projects, among other important tasks, because of ADHD may have a disability and be protected under Section 504.

Is ADHD a learning disability for an IEP? ›

ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability. It can be determined to be a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making a student eligible to receive special education services.

How do you treat attention deficit disorder in children? ›

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications, behavior therapy, counseling and education services. These treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD , but they don't cure it. It may take some time to determine what works best for your child.


1. ADHD in Women
(How to ADHD)
2. Recognizing ADHD in Adults | Heather Brannon | TEDxHeritageGreen
(TEDx Talks)
3. Attention Deficit Disorder
(Innovations Institute)
4. How This Type of Therapy Can Be Helpful for ADHD
(How to ADHD)
5. Public Lecture Series: Understanding ADHD with Professor Dave Coghill
(Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences)
6. A Parent’s Guide to the Best School Options for Students with ADHD and LD (w/ Kathy Kuhl)
(ADDitude Magazine)
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